Aromatic Gelenium, or Cephalophora - Strawberry Grass
Gelenium fragrant (Helenium aromaticum), earlier - Cephalophor fragrant (Cephalophora aromatica) this is an annual herbaceous plant 45-75 cm high. The root root, deep in the soil, highly branched almost from the very base, the plant looks like a spherical bright green bush. The leaves are alternate, whole-edged or sparse-toothed, lanceolate, with a small felt pubescence and small-pointed glands.
The flowers are small, yellow, collected at the ends of the shoots into single spherical heads with a diameter of 8-9 mm. The fruit is an achene of dark brown color, 1.2-1.5 mm long, 0.5-0.7 mm wide. Up to 150 achenes develop in one inflorescence. The birthplace of aromatic gelenium (cephalophores) is the mountainous regions of Central America. In the wild, it is widely found in the central provinces of Chile, in the mountain subtropical regions.
It is cultivated in many countries of Western Europe and America, in small areas in Moldova, Ukraine, Central Asia, as well as in the southern and central strip of Russia.
Gelenium (Helenium) Is a genus of annual and perennial herbaceous plants of the Astrovian family (Asteraceae) The genus contains about 30 species that grow wild in North and Central America.
Decorative aromatic Gelenium
Aromatic gelenium (cephalophora aromatic) is especially effective during flowering, when the spherical bush is covered with numerous round bright yellow inflorescences. The duration of flowering is more than two months.
Useful properties of aromatic gelenium
In the aerial part of aromatic gelenium (cephalophores aromatic), mainly in inflorescences, contains 0.25-0.35% of essential oil with a pleasant aroma of fresh strawberries, as well as vitamins C, B1, B2, trace elements.
Essential oil of aromatic gelenium (cephalophores) aromatize confectionery, cocktails, cream cheese, vinegar. Dried plants are used in the production of soft drinks and wines, especially for flavoring vermouth.
In Western countries, Gelenium aromatic is used in cooking - to give food products and various dishes a pleasant strawberry aroma. Aromatic Gelenium is valued as an ornamental plant; in landscaping it is used as a lawn culture.
Growing aromatic gelenium
Gelenium (cephalophora) is undemanding to soil conditions, but it is better to divert open areas for it with light, fertile soils. Sown seeds of aromatic gelenium without embedding in the soil. In the presence of a small number of seeds, cephalophore can be propagated through seedlings.
Cephalophores are harvested during mass flowering. Plants are cut at a height of 10-15 cm from the soil surface.