Dieffenbachia - "the silent mantle"
Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia), Aroid family - Araceaec. A tumor that immediately arose in the mucous membranes of the mouth and tongue made it difficult to speak, for which the people got the name "silent rod."
In culture, there is Dieffenbachia picta (Dieffenbachia picta) - a shrub with variegated whole leaves, on which light green, white or yellow spots and spots are scattered. Flowers are collected on the cob. Indoor blooms very rarely.
Very decorative, but also demanding on the conditions of detention and care. Photophilous, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. The most acceptable temperature for it is 20–25 ° С, humidity –70–80%, and clean room air. In winter, it feels best at a temperature of + 17 ° C.
In summer, watered abundantly and sprayed with warm water; in winter - much less often, but the leaves are regularly (after two weeks) washed with warm water. Transplanted in the spring in a mixture of turf, peat land and sand (2: 4: 1).
Propagated by apical stem cuttings, pre-dried for 1-2 days. To root them, a high (about 25 ° C) temperature is required.
Many species and varieties of Dieffenbachia are very shade-tolerant, and this allows them to be widely used for northern windows and dimly lit corners of interiors.